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Event of Mubahala Proved False Prophethood



The Event of Mubahala occurred in Medina, Arabia, and was essentially a meeting between the Islamic prophet Muhammad and a Christian delegation from Najran which is in present-day Saudi Arabia, during the month of October 631, where Muhammad called for invoking a curse to reveal who was lying about their religious differences. The initial endeavor was to invite the Najrani Christians to convert to Islam and to postulate the acknowledgment of Muhammad as a prophet through debate and explication

Muhammad suggested invoking a Mubahalah (prayer curse) regarding their refusal and included his household in the call to invoke a curse. Al-Mubahalah is derived from the Arabic word bahlah (Arabic: بَهْلَة, lit. 'curse'), with bahala being a root verb that means "to curse". Al-Bahl (Arabic: ٱلْبَهْل, lit. 'The Curse') is also used to mean a scarcity of water. The term Mubahalah can also mean withdrawing mercy from one who lies or engages in falsehood.

According to the Islamic tradition, after being unable to resolve the conflict over who the Messiah is, the verse of Mubahalah (Quran 3:61) was conveniently revealed to Muhammad as seen below:[11][12]

Text Translation

Quran 3:59–60

Indeed, the example of Jesus in the sight of Allah is like that of Adam. He created him from dust, then said to him, “Be!” And he was! This is the truth from your Lord, so do not be one of those who doubt.

Quran 3:61

Now, whoever disputes with you ˹O Prophet˺ concerning Jesus after full knowledge has come to you, say, “Come! Let us invite our children and your children, our women and your women, ourselves and yourselves—then let us sincerely invoke Allah's curse upon the liars.”

Praying for their God to invoke a curse the liar regarding religious disputes is an ancient Arabic pagan pre-Islamic tradition. Mubahalas were common among many Semitic tribes in Arabia, being found in artifacts and manuscripts that existed prior to Muhammad's fabrication of Islam.

This unequivocally also adds to the deluge of identified pagan practices intertwined into the very fabric of Islam concerning practices that were practiced beforehand among pagan tribes, but never apart of Biblical sound doctrine. To even engage in such activity according to the Israelites, is considered to be witchcraft and is not under any circumstances permissible. It is abominable to the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

Psalms 109:17 - As he loved cursing, so let it come unto him: as he delighted not in blessing, so let it be far from him.

Deuteronomy 18:10-12 KJV

There shall not be found among you any one that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, or that useth divination, or an observer of times, or an enchanter, or a witch, [11] Or a charmer, or a consulter with familiar spirits, or a wizard, or a necromancer. [12] For all that do these things are an abomination unto the Lord : and because of these abominations the Lord thy God doth drive them out from before thee.

Leviticus 20:6 KJV

And the soul that turneth after such as have familiar spirits and after wizards, to go a whoring after them, I will even set my face against that soul and will cut him off from among his people.

It too is a wonder how the so-called Prophet of God could not confound the false Christian fundamentalists concerning their poor interpretation of scripture regarding the 'Trinity', especially when it could be done with the Bible itself. Even I can do it and I assure you I am no prophet. A son of God, maybe so in the sense that all Israelites have at least the potential to be. However, I'm not a Prophet.

How better to destroy a doctrine than to use the very literature it was predicated upon? It is also a wonder how, when attaining revelation by Allah, that even that answer was so obscure. Surely Allah should know it can be proven by scripture also since true scriptures were supposed to be inspired by him. As I said, even I can do that, but no, a vague response with no compelling evidence or information. Just a blank statement. Unbelievable, literally.

To be fair, the entire temperament of Allah in the Quran compared to the God of the Bible and Torah is completely different, and that says something profound, especially considering the consistency of the temperament of the living God across over 66 books written over a 1000 year expanse by many prophets. It would require some spiritual intervention and inspiration for that to be possible. A lot easier for anyone to pull off easily if it's only one person writing and even then the problems in the text are endless.

The traditional narrative from hadiths

According to Ibn Hisham's Sirah, Muhammad recited the verses of Mubahalah to the Christians, and after lengthy discussions,[e] no agreement was reached on the position and standing of Jesus. At the end of the discussions, Muhammad demanded that the two sides engage in a Mubahalah.[18]

The Christians returned to the place they were staying. Their leader, As-Sayyid Al-'Aqib, advised them saying: "If he challenges us with his people, we accept the challenge for he is not a prophet; but if he challenges us with his family in particular we don't challenge him, for he is not going to put forward his family unless he is truthful."[12]

Muhammad offered to do the Mubahalah, asking each conflicting party to cover themselves with a cloak, and that all parties ask God sincerely to destroy and inflict curses on the lying party and their families.[i] The Christians consulted each other, and Abdul Haris lbn Alqama, a scholar among them, talked them out of carrying out the Mubahala.[j]

The Christians refused, so Muhammad gave them two alternatives: either to convert to Islam or pay the Jizyah (a tax on free non-Muslims under Muslim rule). The Christians agreed to pay tribute and asked Muhammad to send them a trustworthy man to aid them in judging monetary disputes amongst themselves. Muhammad is said to have agreed and appointed Abu Ubaydah Ibn al-Jarrah, out of a large group of willing and hopeful contenders.[12]

On the morning of the 24th of Dhul-Hijjah, Muhammad emerged at the appointed time. It is reported that he brought only selected members of his family, carrying Al-Husayn in his arm with Al-Hasan holding his hand, followed by Fatimah and Ali Ibn Abu Talib.[f][19] Tradition states that the Christians were surprised when they saw Muhammad's family accompanying him and decided not to invoke a curse upon him and the others. They instead asked for peace by offering Muhammad tribute in return for protection. Islamic sources offer various explanations of the outcome. Some narratives suggest that the Christians would have perished by the end of the year if they had entered into the imprecations.[g][5][h][20]

Accounts of the Christians' Response

The earliest Islamic testimonials (hadiths) and histories report different details regarding the dialogue between the Christians and Muhammad some of which have been brought in the following:


Ibn Ishaq reports in his Sirat Al-Nabi that the delegation's leader is convinced of Muhammad's prophethood and advises cursing Muhammad would be a disaster.[k]

In Muqatil, the Christian leader simply says that, in any scenario, cursing Muhammad would be disastrous[l] and that Allāh will destroy the liars by the end of the year.[20]

Al-Tabari reports uncertainty among the Christians and that, according to Amir al-Shabi, after the Christians initially accepted the Mubahalah, they later sought advice from a wise man in their group, with that man rebuking them and convincing them not to invoke the curse.[m]

Ibn Sa'd doesn't provide details of the dialogue aside from the Christian leader responding to Muhammad with "We think it proper not to curse you. You may order us as you like and we shall obey you and shall make peace with you."[n][21]

Muhammads Death

Muhammad Died 8 June 632 AD, Al Madinah Al Munawwarah, Saudi Arabia

69 Al Haaqqa 44-47

44.And if Muhammad had made up about Us some false sayings,

45.We would have seized him by the right hand,

46.Then we ould have cut from him the aorta,

And there is no one of you who could prevent us from him

Vs

Sahih al-Bukhari 4428

Chapter: The sickness of the Prophet (saws) and his death

Narrated `Aisha:

The Prophet (ﷺ) in his ailment in which he died, used to say, "O `Aisha! I still feel the pain caused by the food I ate at Khaibar, and at this time, I feel as if my aorta is being cut from that poison."

Not only did Muhammad die within a year of the Mubahala curse, he also died in a fashion prophesied if he were a lier as mentioned in the Quaran Al Haaqqa 44-47 and Haddith Sahih al-Bukhari 4428. Some commentary on the Haddith specifically by Ibn Hajar postulates the person who partakes in falsehood will not survive its first anniversary as Muhammad did. It is also said that his daughter, who was at the Mubahala, also died within the same year.

Commenting on the Bukhari hadith, Ibn Hajar says: "Some of the benefits of this hadith is that one can do Mubahala with an opponent if he insists after losing the argument... What is known by experience is that one who takes part in Mubahala to support falsehood will not survive its first anniversary."[5]

Ibn al-Qayyim adds: "It is part of [sunna] when arguing with people of falsehood—when they insist on falsehood regardless of arguments and proofs—to call them to Mubahala."[6]

1. Fath al-Bari, Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, 8/59.

2. ↑ Zad al-Ma'ad, Ibn al-Qayyim, 3/643.

Al-Haafidh Shihabuddin Abu'l-Fadl Ahmad ibn Ali ibn Muhammad, better known as Ibn Hajar due to the fame of his forefathers, al-Asqalani due to his family origin (Arabic: ابن حجر العسقلاني‎) (February 18, 1372 – February 2, 1448, 852 A.H.[1]), was a medieval Shafiite Sunni scholar of Islam who represents the entire realm of the Sunni world in the field of Hadith. He is also known as shaykh al islam.

Zad al-Ma'ad or Zaad al Maad is a book, translated as Provisions of the Hereafter, written by Islamic scholar Ibn al-Qayyim [1].

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