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Johannesburg, South Africa 1960

Updated: Feb 1, 2021

Black South African workers are seen as they line up at a pass office to the front counter at a government office to get their new passbooks in Johannesburg, South Africa. April 7, 1960.

•‬In the 1960s, white supremacists ruled South Africa.

•‬Pass laws were a form of internal passport system designed to segregate the population, manage urbanization, and allocate migrant labor.

•‬Pass laws severely limited the movements of not only black African citizens, but other people as well by requiring them to carry passbooks when outside their homelands or designated areas.

•‬Hundreds of blacks, who had publicly burned their passes during recent campaigns of defiance against the Apartheid government, picked up new passes required by all black South Africans to return to work.