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613 Commandments

Updated: Apr 7, 2023

613 Commandments by topic#


In the process of being updated. Check everything with your bible first because I'm going to leave this published, but edit it as I go along!!!





G-d

  1. To know that G-d exists (Ex. 20:2; Deut. 5:6)

  2. Not to entertain the idea that there is any god but the Eternal (Ex. 20:3)

  3. Not to blaspheme (Ex. 22:27, Ex. 22:28), the penalty for which is death (Lev. 24:16)

  4. To hallow G-d's name (Lev. 22:32)

  5. Not to profane G-d's name (Lev . 22:32)

  6. To know that G-d is One(Deut. 6:4)

  7. To love G-d (Deut. 6:5)

  8. To fear Him reverently (Deut. 6:13; 10:20)

  9. Not to put the word of G-d to the test (Deut. 6:16)

  10. To imitate His good and upright ways (Deut. 28:9)

Tawarah

  1. To honor the old and the wise (Lev. 19:32)

  2. To learn Tawarah and to teach it (Deut. 6:7)

  3. To cleave to those who know Him (Deut. 10:20)

  4. Not to add to the commandments of the Tawarah, whether in the Written Law or in its interpretation received by tradition (Deut. 13:1)

  5. Not to take away from the commandments of the Tawarah (Deut. 13:1)

  6. That every person shall write a scroll of the Tawarah for himself (Deut. 31:19)

Signs and Symbols

  1. To circumcise the male offspring (Gen. 17:12; Lev. 12:3)

  2. To put fringes and a ribbon of blue on the corners of clothing (Num. 15:38)

  3. To bind these words on thine hand (Deut. 6:8)

  4. To bind these words between thine eyes (Deut. 6:8)

  5. To write these words to the doorposts and gates of your house (Deut. 6:9)

Prayer and Blessings

  1. To serve G-d (Ex. 23:25; Deut. 6:13)

  2. To teach and talk to your children often (Deut. 6:7)

  3. To recite grace after meals (Deut. 8:10)

  4. Not to lay down a stone for worship (Lev. 26:1)

Love and Brotherhood

  1. To love all human beings who are of the covenant (Lev. 19:18)

  2. Not to stand by idly when a human life is in danger (Lev. 19:16)

  3. Not to wrong anyone in speech (Lev. 25:17)

  4. Not to carry tales (Lev. 19:16)

  5. Not to cherish hatred in one's heart (Lev. 19:17)

  6. Not to take revenge (Lev. 19:18)

  7. Not to bear a grudge (Lev. 19:18)

  8. Not to put any Jew to shame (Lev. 19:17)

  9. Not to curse the deaf (Lev. 19:14)

  10. Not to give occasion to the simple-minded to stumble on the road (Lev. 19:14)

  11. To rebuke the sinner (Lev. 19:17)

  12. To relieve a neighbor of his burden and help to unload his beast (Ex. 23:5)

  13. To assist in replacing the load upon a neighbor's beast (Deut. 22:4)

  14. Not to leave a beast, that has fallen down beneath its burden, unaided (Deut. 22:4)

The Poor and Unfortunate

  1. Not to afflict an orphan or a widow (Ex. 22:21)

  2. Not to reap the entire field (Lev. 19:9; Lev. 23:22)

  3. To leave the unreaped corner of the field or orchard for the poor (Lev. 19:9)

  4. Not to gather gleanings (the ears that have fallen to the ground while reaping) (Lev. 19:9)

  5. To leave the gleanings for the poor (Lev. 19:9)

  6. Not to gather the imperfect clusters of the vineyard (Lev. 19:10)

  7. To leave the imperfect clusters of the vineyard for the poor (Lev. 19:10; Deut. 24:21)

  8. Not to gather the peret (grapes) that have fallen to the ground (Lev. 19:10)

  9. To leave peret (the single grapes) of the vineyard for the poor (Lev. 19:10)

  10. Not to return to take a forgotten sheaf (Deut. 24:19) This applies to all fruit trees (Deut. 24:20)

  11. To leave the forgotten sheaves for the poor (Deut. 24:19-20)

  12. Not to refrain from maintaining a poor man and giving him what he needs (Deut. 15:7)

  13. To give charity according to one's means (Deut. 15:11)

  14. Treatment of Gentiles

  15. To love the stranger (Deut. 10:19)

  16. Not to wrong the stranger in speech (Ex. 22:20)

  17. Not to wrong the stranger in buying or selling (Ex. 22:20)

  18. Not to intermarry with gentiles (Deut. 7:3)

  19. To exact the debt of an alien (Deut. 15:3)

  20. To lend to an alien at interest (Deut. 23:21)

  21. Marriage, Divorce and Family

  22. To honor father and mother (Ex. 20:12)

  23. Not to smite a father or a mother (Ex. 21:15)

  24. Not to curse a father or mother (Ex. 21:17)

  25. To reverently fear father and mother (Lev. 19:3)

  26. To be fruitful and multiply (Gen. 1:28)

  27. That a eunuch shall not marry a daughter of Israel (Deut. 23:2)

  28. That an estranged person shall not marry the daughter of an Israelite (Deut. 23:3)

  29. That an Ammonite or Moabite shall never marry the daughter of an Israelite (Deut. 23:4)

  30. Not to exclude a descendant of Esau from the community of Israel for three generations (Deut. 23:8-9)

  31. Not to exclude an Egyptian from the community of Israel for three generations (Deut. 23:8-9)

  32. That there shall be no harlot (in Israel); that is, that there shall be no intercourse with a woman, without previous marriage with a deed of marriage and formal declaration of marriage (Deut. 23:18)

  33. To take a wife by the sacrament of marriage (Deut. 24:1)

  34. That the newly married husband shall be free for one year to rejoice with his wife (Deut. 24:5)

  35. That a bridegroom shall be exempt for a whole year from taking part in any public labor, such as military service, guarding the wall and similar duties (Deut. 24:5)

  36. Not to withhold food, clothing or conjugal rights from a wife (Ex. 21:10)

  37. That the woman suspected of adultery shall be dealt with as prescribed in the Tawarah (Num. 5:30)

  38. That one who defames his wife's honor (by falsely accusing her of unchastity before marriage) must live with her all his lifetime (Deut. 22:19)

  39. That a man may not divorce his wife concerning whom he has published an evil report (about her unchastity before marriage) (Deut. 22:19)

  40. To divorce by a formal written document (Deut. 24:1)

  41. That one who divorced his wife shall not remarry her, if after the divorce she had been married to another man (Deut. 24:4)

  42. That a widow whose husband died childlessly must not be married to anyone but her deceased husband's brother (Deut. 25:5)

  43. To marry the widow of a brother who has died childless (Deut. 25:5) (this is only in effect insofar as it requires the procedure of release below )

  44. That the widow formally release the brother-in-law (if he refuses to marry her) (Deut. 25:7-9)

  45. Forbidden Sexual Relations

  46. Not to indulge in familiarities with relatives, such as kissing, embracing, winking, skipping, which may lead to incest (Lev. 18:6)

  47. Not to commit incest with one's mother (Lev. 18:7)

  48. Not to commit sodomy with one's father (Lev. 18:7)

  49. Not to commit incest with one's father's wife (Lev. 18:8)

  50. Not to commit incest with one's sister (Lev. 18:9)

  51. Not to commit incest with one's father's wife's daughter (Lev. 18:11)

  52. Not to commit incest with one's son's daughter (Lev. 18:10)

  53. Not to commit incest with one's daughter's daughter (Lev. 18:10)

  54. Not to commit incest with one's fathers sister (Lev. 18:12)

  55. Not to commit incest with one's mother's sister (Lev. 18:13)

  56. Not to commit incest with one's father's brother's wife (Lev. 18:14)

  57. Not to commit sodomy with one's father's brother (Lev. 18:14)

  58. Not to commit incest with one's son's wife (Lev. 18:15)

  59. Not to commit incest with one's brother's wife (Lev. 18:16)

  60. Not to commit incest with one's wife's daughter (Lev. 18:17)

  61. Not to commit incest with the daughter of one's wife's son (Lev. 18:17)

  62. Not to commit incest with the daughter of one's wife's daughter (Lev. 18:17)

  63. Not to commit incest with one's wife's sister (Lev. 18:18)

  64. Not to have intercourse with a woman, in her menstrual period (Lev. 18:19) (CCN132).

  65. Not to have intercourse with another man's wife (Lev. 18:20) (CCN124).

  66. Not to commit sodomy with a male (Lev. 18:22)

  67. Not to have intercourse with a beast (Lev. 18:23)

  68. That a woman shall not have intercourse with a beast (Lev. 18:23)

  69. Not to castrate the male of any species; neither a man, nor a domestic or wild beast, nor a fowl (Lev. 22:24)

Times and Seasons

  1. “This month shall be your beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year to you.(Ex. 12:2)

  2. Not to travel on Shabbat outside the limits of one's place of residence (Ex. 16:29) (CCN7).

  3. To sanctify Shabbat (Ex. 20:8) (CCA19).

  4. Not to do work on Shabbat (Ex. 20:10) (CCN6).

  5. To rest on Shabbat (Ex. 23:12; 34:21) (CCA20).

  6. To celebrate the festivals (Ex. 23:14)

  7. To rejoice on the festivals (Deut. 16:14) (CCA21).

  8. To appear in the Sanctuary on the festivals (Deut. 16:16)

  9. To remove leaven on the Eve of Passover (Ex See Passover.

  10. To rest on the first day of Passover (Ex. 12:16; Lev. 23:7) (CCA25). See Passover.

  11. Not to do work on the first day of Passover (Ex. 12:16; Lev. 23:6-7)

  12. To rest on the seventh day of Passover (Ex. 12:16; Lev. 23:8) (CCA27). See Passover.

  13. Not to do work on the seventh day of Passover (Ex. 12:16; Lev. 23:8)

  14. To eat matzah on the first night of Passover (Ex. 12:18) (CCA23). See Passover.

  15. That no leaven be in the Israelite's possession during Passover (Ex. 12:19) (CCN3). See Passover.

  16. Not to eat any food containing leaven on Passover (Ex. 12:20) (CCN5). See Passover.

  17. Not to eat leaven on Passover (Ex. 13:3) See Passover.

  18. That leaven shall not be seen in an Israelite's home during Passover (Ex. 13:7) (CCN2). See Passover.

  19. To discuss the departure from Egypt on the first night of Passover (Ex. 13:8) (CCA24). See The Passover Seder.

  20. Not to eat leaven after mid-day on the fourteenth of Nissan (Deut. 16:3) (CCN104). See Passover.

  21. To count forty-nine days from the time of the cutting of the Omer (first sheaves of the barley harvest) (Lev. 23:15) (CCA26). Omer.

  22. To rest on Shavu'ot (Lev. 23:21) (CCA28). See Shavu'ot.

  23. Not to do work on the Shavu'ot (Lev. 23:21) (CCN149). See Shavu'ot.

  24. Leviticus 23:24 KJV

  25. Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation. (Lev. 23:24)

  26. Not to do work on the blowing of trumpets (Lev. 23:25)

  27. To hear the sound of the shofar on The blowing of trumpets (Num. 29:1)

  28. Leviticus 23:29 KJV

  29. For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people. (Lev. 23:27) (CCA32). See Day of Atonement .

  30. Not to eat or drink on Day of Atonement (Lev. 23:29) (CCN152). See Day of Atonement .

  31. Not to do work on Day of Atonement (Lev. 23:31) (CCN151). See Day of Atonement .

  32. To rest on the Day of Atonement (Lev. 23:32) (CCA31). See Day of Atonement .

  33. To rest on the first day of Sukkot (Lev. 23:35) (CCA34). See Sukkot.

  34. Not to do work on the first day of Sukkot (Lev. 23:35) (CCN153). See Sukkot.

  35. To rest on the eighth day of Sukkot (Shemini Atzeret) (Lev. 23:36)

  36. Not to do work on the eighth day of Sukkot (Shemini Atzeret) (Lev. 23:36)

  37. To take during Sukkot a palm branch and the other three plants (Lev. 23:40) (CCA36). See Sukkot.

  38. To dwell in booths seven days during Sukkot (Lev. 23:42) (CCA35). See Sukkot.

Dietary Laws

  1. To examine the marks in cattle (so as to distinguish the clean from the unclean) (Lev. 11:2)

  2. Not to eat the flesh of unclean beasts (Lev. 11:4)

  3. To examine the marks in fishes (so as to distinguish the clean from the unclean (Lev. 11:9)

  4. Not to eat unclean fish (Lev. 11:11)

  5. To examine the marks in fowl, so as to distinguish the clean from the unclean (Deut. 14:11)

  6. Not to eat unclean fowl (Lev. 11:13)

  7. To examine the marks in locusts, so as to distinguish the clean from the unclean (Lev. 11:21)

  8. Not to eat a worm found in fruit (Lev. 11:41)

  9. Not to eat of things that creep upon the earth (Lev. 11:41-42)

  10. Not to eat any vermin of the earth (Lev. 11:44)

  11. Not to eat things that swarm in the water (Lev. 11:43 and 46)

  12. Not to eat of winged insects (Deut. 14:19)

  13. Likewise shalt thou do with thine oxen, and with thy sheep: seven days it shall be with his dam; on the eighth day thou shalt give it me. (Ex. 22:30)

  14. Not to eat the flesh of a beast that died of itself (Deut. 14:21)

  15. If the place which the Lord thy God hath chosen to put his name there be too far from thee, then thou shalt kill of thy herd and of thy flock, which the Lord hath given thee, as I have commanded thee, and thou shalt eat in thy gates whatsoever thy soul lusteth after. (Deut. 12:21)

  16. Only be sure that thou eat not the blood: for the blood is the life; and thou mayest not eat the life with the flesh.t (Deut. 12:23)

  17. Not to slaughter an animal and its young on the same day (Lev. 22:28)

  18. Not to take the mother-bird with the young (Deut. 22:6) (CCN189). See Treatment of Animals.

  19. To set the mother-bird free when taking the nest (Deut. 22:6-7) (CCA74). See Treatment of Animals.

  20. Not to eat the flesh of an ox that was condemned to be stoned (Ex. 21:28)

  21. Not to boil meat with milk (Ex. 23:19) (CCN91). See Separation of Meat and Dairy.

  22. Not to eat flesh with milk (Ex. 34:26) (according to the Talmud, this passage is a distinct prohibition from the one in Ex. 23:19) (CCN92). See Separation of Meat and Dairy.

  23. Not to eat the of the thigh-vein which shrank (Gen. 32:33) (CCN1). See Forbidden Fats and Nerves.

  24. Not to eat chelev (tallow-fat) (Lev. 7:23) (CCN88). See Forbidden Fats and Nerves.

  25. Not to eat blood (Lev. 7:26) (CCN89). See Draining of Blood.

  26. To cover the blood of undomesticated animals (deer, etc.) and of fowl that have been killed (Lev. 17:13) (CCA49).

  27. Not to eat or drink like a glutton or a drunkard (not to rebel against father or mother) (Lev. 19:26; Deut. 21:20) (CCN106).

Business Practices

  1. Not to do wrong in buying or selling (Lev. 25:14) (CCN47).

  2. Not to make a loan to an Israelite on interest (Lev. 25:37) (CCN54).

  3. Not to borrow on interest (Deut. 23:20) (because this would cause the lender to sin) (CCN55).

  4. Not to take part in any usurious transaction between borrower and lender, neither as a surety, nor as a witness, nor as a writer of the bond for them (Ex. 22:24) (CCN53).

  5. To lend to a poor person (Ex. 22:24) (even though the passage says "if you lend" it is understood as obligatory) (CCA62).

  6. Not to demand from a poor man repayment of his debt, when the creditor knows that he cannot pay, nor press him (Ex. 22:24) (CCN52).

  7. Not to take in pledge utensils used in preparing food (Deut. 24:6) (CCN58).

  8. Not to exact a pledge from a debtor by force (Deut. 24:10) (CCN59).

  9. Not to keep the pledge from its owner at the time when he needs it (Deut. 24:12) (CCN61).

  10. To return a pledge to its owner (Deut. 24:13) (CCA63).

  11. Not to take a pledge from a widow (Deut. 24:17) (CCN60).

  12. Not to commit fraud in measuring (Lev. 19:35) (CCN83).

  13. To ensure that scales and weights are correct (Lev. 19:36)

  14. Not to possess inaccurate measures and weights (Deut. 25:13-14) (CCN84).

Employees, Servants and Slaves

  1. Not to delay payment of a hired man's wages (Lev. 19:13) (CCN38).

  2. That the hired laborer shall be permitted to eat of the produce he is reaping (Deut. 23:25-26) (CCA65).

  3. That the hired laborer shall not take more than he can eat (Deut. 23:25) (CCN187).

  4. That a hired laborer shall not eat produce that is not being harvested (Deut. 23:26) (CCN186).

  5. To pay wages to the hired man at the due time (Deut. 24:15) (CCA66).

  6. To deal judicially with the Hebrew bondman in accordance with the laws appertaining to him (Ex. 21:2-6)

  7. Not to compel the Hebrew servant to do the work of a slave (Lev. 25:39)

  8. Not to sell a Hebrew servant as a slave (Lev. 25:42)

  9. Not to treat a Hebrew servant rigorously (Lev. 25:43)

  10. Not to permit a gentile to treat harshly a Hebrew bondman sold to him (Lev. 25:53)

  11. Not to send away a Hebrew bondman servant empty handed, when he is freed from service (Deut. 15:13)

  12. To bestow liberal gifts upon the Hebrew bondsman (at the end of his term of service), and the same should be done to a Hebrew bondwoman (Deut. 15:14)

  13. To redeem a Hebrew maid-servant (Ex. 21:8)

  14. Not to sell a Hebrew maid-servant to another person (Ex. 21:8)

  15. To espouse a Hebrew maid-servant (Ex. 21:8-9)

  16. To keep the Canaanite slave forever (Lev. 25:46)

  17. Not to surrender a slave, who has fled to the land of Israel, to his owner who lives outside Palestine (Deut. 23:16)

  18. Not to wrong such a slave (Deut. 23:17)

  19. Not to muzzle a beast, while it is working in produce which it can eat and enjoy (Deut. 25:4) (CCN188).

Vows, Oaths and Swearing

  1. That a man should fulfill whatever he has uttered (Deut. 23:24) (CCA39).

  2. Not to swear needlessly (Ex. 20:7) (CCN29).

  3. Not to violate an oath or swear falsely (Lev. 19:12) (CCN31).

  4. To decide in cases of annulment of vows, according to the rules set forth in the Tawarah (Num. 30:2-17) (CCA40).

  5. Not to break a vow (Num. 30:3) (CCN184).

  6. To swear by His name truly (Deut. 10:20)

  7. Not to delay in fulfilling vows or bringing vowed or free-will offerings (Deut. 23:22)

The Sabbatical and Jubilee Years

  1. To let the land lie fallow in the Sabbatical year (Ex. 23:11; Lev. 25:2)

  2. To cease from tilling the land in the Sabbatical year (Ex. 23:11) (Lev. 25:2) (CCI21).

  3. Not to till the ground in the Sabbatical year (Lev. 25:4) (negative)

  4. Not to do any work on the trees in the Sabbatical year (Lev. 25:4)

  5. Not to reap the aftermath that grows in the Sabbatical year, in the same way as it is reaped in other years (Lev. 25:5)

  6. Not to gather the fruit of the tree in the Sabbatical year in the same way as it is gathered in other years (Lev. 25:5)

  7. To sound the Ram's horn in the Sabbatical year (Lev. 25:9)

  8. To release debts in the seventh year (Deut. 15:2)

  9. Not to demand return of a loan after the Sabbatical year has passed (Deut. 15:2) (CCN57).

  10. Not to refrain from making a loan to a poor man, because of the release of loans in the Sabbatical year (Deut. 15:9) (CCN56).

  11. To assemble the people to hear the Tawarah at the close of the seventh year (Deut. 31:12) (affirmative)

  12. To count the years of the Jubilee by years and by cycles of seven years (Lev. 25:8)

  13. To keep the Jubilee year holy by resting and letting the land lie fallow (Lev. 25:10)

  14. Not to cultivate the soil nor do any work on the trees, in the Jubilee Year (Lev. 25:11)

  15. Not to reap the aftermath of the field that grew of itself in the Jubilee Year, in the same way as in other years (Lev. 25:11)

  16. Not to gather the fruit of the tree in the Jubilee Year, in the same way as in other years (Lev. 25:11)

  17. To grant redemption to the land in the Jubilee year (Lev. 25:24)

The Court and Judicial Procedure

  1. To appoint judges and officers in every community of Israel (Deut. 16:18

  2. Not to appoint as a judge, a person who is not well versed in the laws of the Tawarah, even if he is expert in other branches of knowledge (Deut. 1:17)

  3. To adjudicate cases of purchase and sale (Lev. 25:14)

  4. To judge cases of liability of a paid depositary (Ex. 22:9)

  5. To adjudicate cases of loss for which a gratuitous borrower is liable (Ex. 22:13-14)

  6. To adjudicate cases of inheritances (Num. 27:8-11)

  7. To judge cases of damage caused by an uncovered pit (Ex. 21:33-34)

  8. To judge cases of injuries caused by beasts (Ex. 21:35-36)

  9. To adjudicate cases of damage caused by trespass of cattle (Ex. 22:4)

  10. To adjudicate cases of damage caused by fire (Ex. 22:5)

  11. To adjudicate cases of damage caused by a gratuitous depositary (Ex. 22:6-7)

  12. To adjudicate other cases between a plaintiff and a defendant (Ex. 22:8)

  13. Not to curse a judge (Ex. 22:27)

  14. That one who possesses evidence shall testify in Court (Lev. 5:1)

  15. Not to testify falsely (Ex. 20:13)

  16. That a witness, who has testified in a capital case, shall not lay down the law in that particular case (Num. 35:30)

  17. That a transgressor shall not testify (Ex. 23:1)

  18. That the court shall not accept the testimony of a close relative of the defendant in matters of capital punishment (Deut. 24:16)

  19. Not to hear one of the parties to a suit in the absence of the other party (Ex. 23:1)

  20. To examine witnesses thoroughly (Deut. 13:15)

  21. Not to decide a case on the evidence of a single witness (Deut. 19:15)

  22. To give the decision according to the majority, when there is a difference of opinion among the members of the Sanhedrin as to matters of law (Ex. 23:2)

  23. Not to decide, in capital cases, according to the view of the majority, when those who are for condemnation exceed by one only, those who are for acquittal (Ex. 23:2)

  24. That, in capital cases, one who had argued for acquittal, shall not later on argue for condemnation (Ex. 23:2)

  25. To treat parties in a litigation with equal impartiality (Lev. 19:15)

  26. Not to render iniquitous decisions (Lev. 19:15)

  27. Not to favor a great man when trying a case (Lev. 19:15)

  28. Not to take a bribe (Ex. 23:8)

  29. Not to be afraid of a bad man, when trying a case (Deut. 1:17

  30. Not to be moved in trying a case, by the poverty of one of the parties (Ex. 23:3; Lev. 19:15)

  31. Not to pervert the judgment of strangers or orphans (Deut. 24:17)

  32. Not to pervert the judgment of a sinner (a person poor in fulfillment of commandments) (Ex. 23:6)

  33. Not to render a decision on one's personal opinion, but only on the evidence of two witnesses, who saw what actually occurred (Ex. 23:7)

  34. Not to execute one guilty of a capital offense, before he has stood his trial (Num. 35:12)

  35. To accept the rulings of every Supreme Court in Israel (Deut. 17:11)

  36. Not to rebel against the orders of the Court (Deut. 17:11)

Injuries and Damages

  1. To make a parapet for your roof (Deut. 22:8)

  2. Not to leave something that might cause hurt (Deut. 22:8)

  3. To save the pursued even at the cost of the life of the pursuer (Deut. 25:12)

  4. Not to spare a pursuer, but he is to be slain before he reaches the pursued and slays the latter, or uncovers his nakedness (Deut. 25:12)

Property and Property Rights

  1. Not to sell a field in the land of Israel in perpetuity (Lev. 25:23)

  2. Not to change the character of the open land (about the cities of) the Levites or of their fields; not to sell it in perpetuity, but it may be redeemed at any time (Lev. 25:34)

  3. That houses sold within a walled city may be redeemed within a year (Lev. 25:29)

  4. Not to remove landmarks (property boundaries) (Deut. 19:14)

  5. Not to swear falsely in denial of another's property rights (Lev. 19:11)

  6. Not to deny falsely another's property rights (Lev. 19:11)

  7. Never to settle in the land of Egypt (Deut. 17:16)

  8. Not to steal personal property (Lev. 19:11)

  9. To restore that which one took by robbery (Lev. 5:23)

  10. To return lost property (Deut. 22:1)

  11. Not to pretend not to have seen lost property, to avoid the obligation to return it (Deut. 22:3)

Criminal Laws

  1. Not to slay an innocent person (Ex. 20:13)

  2. Not to kidnap any person of Israel (Ex. 20:13)

  3. Not to rob by violence (Lev. 19:13)

  4. Not to defraud (Lev. 19:13)

  5. Not to covet what belongs to another (Ex. 20:14)

  6. Not to crave something that belongs to another (Deut. 5:18)

  7. Not to indulge in evil thoughts and sights (Num. 15:39)

Punishment and Restitution

  1. That the Court shall pass sentence of death by decapitation with the sword (Ex. 21:20; Lev. 26:25)

  2. That the Court shall pass sentence of death by strangulation (Lev. 20:10)

  3. That the Court shall pass sentence of death by burning with fire (Lev. 20:14)

  4. That the Court shall pass sentence of death by stoning (Deut. 22:24)

  5. To hang the dead body of one who has incurred that penalty (Deut. 21:22)

  6. That the dead body of an executed criminal shall not remain hanging on the tree over night (Deut. 21:23)

  7. To inter the executed on the day of execution (Deut. 21:23) (affirmative)

  8. Not to accept ransom from a murderer (Num. 35:31)

  9. To exile one who committed accidental homicide (Num. 35:25)

  10. To establish six cities of refuge (for those who committed accidental homicide) (Deut. 19:3)

  11. Not to accept ransom from an accidental homicide, so as to relieve him from exile (Num. 35:32)

  12. To decapitate the heifer in the manner prescribed (in expiation of a murder on the road, the perpetrator of which remained undiscovered) (Deut. 21:4)

  13. Not to plow nor sow the rough valley (in which a heifer's neck was broken) (Deut. 21:4)

  14. To adjudge a thief to pay compensation or (in certain cases) suffer death (Ex. 21:16; Ex. 21:37; Ex. 22:1)

  15. That he who inflicts a bodily injury shall pay monetary compensation (Ex. 21:18-19)

  16. To impose a penalty of fifty shekels upon the seducer (of an unbetrothed virgin) and enforce the other rules in connection with the case (Ex. 22:15-16)

  17. That the violator (of an unbetrothed virgin) shall marry her (Deut. 22:28-29)

  18. That one who has raped a damsel and has then (in accordance with the law) married her, may not divorce her (Deut. 22:29)

  19. Not to inflict punishment on Shabbat (Ex. 35:3) (because some punishments were inflicted by fire)

  20. To punish the wicked by the infliction of stripes (Deut. 25:2)

  21. Not to exceed the statutory number of stripes laid on one who has incurred that punishment (Deut. 25:3) (and by implication, not to strike anyone) (CCN43).

  22. Not to spare the offender, in imposing the prescribed penalties on one who has caused damage (Deut. 19:13)

  23. To do unto false witnesses as they had purposed to do (to the accused) (Deut. 19:19)

  24. Not to punish any one who has committed an offense under duress (Deut. 22:26)

Prophecy

  1. To heed the call of every prophet in each generation, provided that he neither adds to, nor takes away from the Tawarah (Deut. 18:15)

  2. Not to prophesy falsely (Deut. 18:20)

  3. Not to refrain from putting a false prophet to death nor to be in fear of him (Deut. 18:22)

Idolatry, Idolaters and Idolatrous Practices

  1. Not to make a graven image; neither to make it oneself nor to have it made by others (Ex. 20:4)

  2. Not to make any figures for ornament, even if they are not worshipped (Ex. 20:20)

  3. Not to make idols even for others (Ex. 34:17; Lev. 19:4)

  4. Not to use the ornament of any object of idolatrous worship (Deut. 7:25)

  5. Not to make use of an idol or its accessory objects, offerings, or libations (Deut. 7:26)

  6. Not to drink wine of idolaters (Deut. 32:38)

  7. Not to worship an idol in the way in which it is usually worshipped (Ex. 20:5)

  8. Not to bow down to an idol, even if that is not its mode of worship (Ex. 20:5)

  9. Not to prophesy in the name of an idol (Ex. 23:13; Deut. 18:20)

  10. Not to hearken to one who prophesies in the name of an idol (Deut. 13:4)

  11. Not to lead the children of Israel astray to idolatry (Ex. 23:13)

  12. Not to entice an Israelite to idolatry (Deut. 13:12)

  13. To destroy idolatry and its appurtenances (Deut. 12:2-3)

  14. Not to love the enticer to idolatry (Deut. 13:9)

  15. Not to give up hating the enticer to idolatry (Deut. 13:9)

  16. Not to save the enticer from capital punishment, but to stand by at his execution (Deut. 13:9)

  17. A person whom he attempted to entice to idolatry shall not urge pleas for the acquittal of the enticer (Deut. 13:9)

  18. A person whom he attempted to entice shall not refrain from giving evidence of the enticer's guilt, if he has such evidence (Deut. 13:9)

  19. Not to swear by an idol to its worshipers, nor cause them to swear by it (Ex. 23:13)

  20. Not to turn one's attention to idolatry (Lev. 19:4)

  21. Not to adopt the institutions of idolaters nor their customs (Lev. 18:3; Lev. 20:23)

  22. Not to pass a child through the fire to Molech (Lev. 18:21)

  23. Not to suffer any one practicing witchcraft to live (Ex. 22:17)

  24. Not to practice onein (observing times or seasons as favorable or unfavorable, using astrology) (Lev. 19:26)

  25. Not to practice nachesh (doing things based on signs and portents; using charms and incantations) (Lev. 19:26)

  26. Not to consult ovoth (ghosts) (Lev. 19:31)

  27. Not to consult yid'onim (wizards) (Lev. 19:31)

  28. Not to practice kisuf (magic using herbs, stones and objects that people use) (Deut. 18:10)

  29. Not to practice kessem (a general term for magical practices) (Deut. 18:10)

  30. Not to practice the art of a chover chaver (casting spells over snakes and scorpions) (Deut. 18:11)

  31. Not to enquire of an ob (a ghost) (Deut. 18:11)

  32. Not to seek the maytim (dead) (Deut. 18:11)

  33. Not to enquire of a (wizard) (Deut. 18:11)

  34. Not to remove the entire beard, like the idolaters (Lev. 19:27)

  35. Not to round the corners of the head, as the idolatrous priests do (Lev. 19:27)

  36. Not to cut oneself or make incisions in one's flesh in grief, like the idolaters (Lev. 19:28; Deut. 14:1)

  37. Not to tattoo the body like the idolaters (Lev. 19:28)

  38. Not to make a bald spot for the dead (Deut. 14:1)

  39. Not to plant a tree for worship (Deut. 16:21)

  40. Not to set up a pillar (for worship) (Deut. 16:22)

  41. Not to show favor to idolaters (Deut. 7:2)

  42. Not to make a covenant with the seven (Canaanite, idolatrous) nations (Ex. 23:32; Deut. 7:2)

  43. Not to settle idolaters in our land (Ex. 23:33)

  44. To slay the inhabitants of a city that has become idolatrous and burn that city (Deut. 13:16-17)

  45. Not to rebuild a city that has been led astray to idolatry (Deut. 13:17)

  46. Not to make use of the property of city that has been so led astray (Deut. 13:18)

Agriculture and Animal Husbandry

  1. Not to cross-breed cattle of different species (Lev. 19:19)

  2. Not to sow different kinds of seed together in one field (Lev. 19:19)

  3. Not to eat the fruit of a tree for three years from the time it was planted (Lev. 19:23)

  4. That the fruit of fruit-bearing trees in the fourth year of their planting shall be sacred like the second tithe and eaten in Jerusalem (Lev. 19:24) (affirmative)

  5. Not to sow grain or herbs in a vineyard (Deut. 22:9)

  6. Not to eat the produce of diverse seeds sown in a vineyard (Deut. 22:9)

  7. Not to work with beasts of different species, yoked together (Deut. 22:10)

Clothing

  1. That a man shall not wear women's clothing (Deut. 22:5)

  2. That a woman should not wear men's clothing (Deut. 22:5)

  3. Not to wear garments made of wool and linen mixed together (Deut. 22:11)

The Firstborn

  1. To redeem the firstborn human male (Ex. 13:13; Ex. 34:20; Num. 18:15) To redeem the firstling of an ass (Ex. 13:13; Ex. 34:20)

  2. To break the neck of the firstling of an ass if it is not redeemed (Ex. 13:13; Ex. 34:20)

  3. Not to redeem the firstling of a clean beast (Num. 18:17)

priests and Levites

  1. That the priests shall put on priestly vestments for the service (Ex. 28:2)

  2. Not to tear the High priest's robe (Ex. 28:32)

  3. That the priest shall not enter the Sanctuary at all times (i.e., at times when he is not performing service) (Lev. 16:2)

  4. That the ordinary priest shall not defile himself by contact with any dead, other than immediate relatives (Lev. 21:1-3)

  5. That the priests defile themselves for their deceased relatives (by attending their burial), and mourn for them like other Israelites, who are commanded to mourn for their relatives (Lev. 21:3)

  6. That a priest who had an immersion during the day (to cleanse him from his uncleanness) shall not serve in the Sanctuary until after sunset (Lev. 21:6)

  7. That a priest shall not marry a divorced woman (Lev. 21:7)

  8. That a priest shall not marry a harlot (Lev. 21:7) (CCN138).

  9. That a priest shall not marry a profaned woman (Lev. 21:7)

  10. To show honor to a priest, and to give him precedence in all things that are holy (Lev. 21:8)

  11. That a High priest shall not defile himself with any dead, even if they are relatives (Lev. 21:11)

  12. That a High priest shall not go (under the same roof) with a dead body (Lev. 21:11) It has been learnt by tradition that a priest, who does so, violates the prohibition, "Neither shall he go in ", and also the prohibition "He shall not defile himself"

  13. That the High priest shall marry a virgin (Lev. 21:13)

  14. That the High priest shall not marry a widow (Lev. 21:14)

  15. That the High priest shall not cohabit with a widow, even without marriage, because he profanes her (Lev. 21:15)

  16. That a person with a physical blemish shall not serve (in the Sanctuary) (Lev. 21:17)

  17. That a priest with a temporary blemish shall not serve there (Lev. 21:21)

  18. That a person with a physical blemish shall not enter the Sanctuary further than the altar (Lev. 21:23)

  19. That a priest who is unclean shall not serve (in the Sanctuary) (Lev. 22:2-3)

  20. To send the unclean out of the Camp of the Shechinah, that is, out of the Sanctuary (Num. 5:2)

  21. That a priest who is unclean shall not enter the courtyard (Num. 5:2-3) This refers to the Camp of the Shechinah

  22. That the priests shall bless Israel (Num. 6:23)

  23. To set apart a portion of the dough for the priest (Num. 15:20)

  24. That the Levites shall not occupy themselves with the service that belongs to the priests, nor the priests with that belonging to the Levites (Num. 18:3)

  25. That one not a descendant of Aaron in the male line shall not serve (in the Sanctuary) (Num. 18:4-7)

  26. That the Levite shall serve in the Sanctuary (Num. 18:23)

  27. To give the Levites cities to dwell in, these to serve also as cities of refuge (Num. 35:2)

  28. That none of the tribe of Levi shall take any portion of territory in the land (of Israel) (Deut. 18:1)

  29. That none of the tribe of Levi shall take any share of the spoil (at the conquest of the Promised Land) (Deut. 18:1)

  30. That the priests shall serve in the Sanctuary in divisions, but on festivals, they all serve together (Deut. 18:6-8) .

T'rumah, Tithes and Taxes

  1. That an uncircumcised person shall not eat of the t'rumah (heave offering), and the same applies to other holy things. This rule is inferred from the law of the Passover offering, by similarity of phrase (Ex. 12:44-45 and Lev. 22:10) but it is not explicitly set forth in the Tawarah. Traditionally, it has been learnt that the rule that the uncircumcised must not eat holy things is an essential principle of the Tawarah and not an enactment of the Scribes See Brit Milah: Circumcision

  2. Not to alter the order of separating the t'rumah and the tithes; the separation be in the order first-fruits at the beginning, then the t'rumah, then the first tithe, and last the second tithe (Ex. 22:28)

  3. To give half a shekel every year (to the Sanctuary for provision of the public sacrifices) (Ex. 30:13)

  4. That a priest who is unclean shall not eat of the t'rumah (Lev. 22:3-4)

  5. That a person who is not a priest or the wife or unmarried daughter of a priest shall not eat of the t'rumah (Lev. 22:10)

  6. That a sojourner with a priest or his hired servant shall not eat of the t'rumah (Lev. 22:10) See priest.

  7. Not to eat tevel (something from which the t'rumah and tithe have not yet been separated) (Lev. 22:15)

  8. To set apart the tithe of the produce (one tenth of the produce after taking out t'rumah) for the Levites (Lev. 27:30; Num. 18:24)

  9. To tithe cattle (Lev. 27:32)

  10. Not to sell the tithe of the herd (Lev. 27:32-33)

  11. That the Levites shall set apart a tenth of the tithes, which they had received from the Israelites, and give it to the priests (called the t'rumah of the tithe) (Num. 18:26) (affirmative) (CCI13).

  12. Not to eat the second tithe of cereals outside Jerusalem (Deut. 12:17)

  13. Not to consume the second tithe of the vintage outside of Jerusalem (Deut. 12:17)

  14. Not to consume the second tithe of the oil outside of Jerusalem (Deut. 12:17)

  15. Not to forsake the Levites (Deut. 12:19); but their gifts (dues) should be given to them, so that they might rejoice therewith on each and every festival

  16. To set apart the second tithe in the first, second, fourth and fifth years of the sabbatical cycle to be eaten by its owner in Jerusalem (Deut. 14:22) (today, it is set aside but not eaten in Jerusalem).

  17. To set apart the second tithe in the third and sixth year of the sabbatical cycle for the poor (Deut. 14:28-29) (today, it must be separated out but need not be given to the poor).

  18. To give the priest the due portions of the carcass of cattle (Deut. 18:3) some observant people do so)

  19. To give the first of the fleece to the priest (Deut. 18:4)

  20. To set apart t'rumah g'dolah (the great heave-offering, that is, a small portion of the grain, wine and oil) for the priest (Deut. 18:4)

  21. Not to expend the proceeds of the second tithe on anything but food and drink (Deut. 26:14). Anything outside of things necessary for sustenance comes within the class in the phrase "Given for the dead"

  22. Not to eat the Second Tithe, even in Jerusalem, in a state of uncleanness, until the tithe had been redeemed (Deut. 26:14)

  23. Not to eat the Second Tithe, when mourning (Deut. 26:14)

  24. To make the declaration, when bringing the second tithe to the Sanctuary (Deut. 26:13) (affirmative) (CCI17).

The Temple, the Sanctuary and Sacred Objects

  1. Not to build an altar of hewn stone (Ex. 20:22)

  2. Not to mount the altar by steps (Ex. 20:23)

  3. To build the Sanctuary (Ex. 25:8)

  4. Not to remove the staves from the Ark (Ex. 25:15)

  5. To set the showbread and the frankincense before the L-rd every Shabbat (Ex. 25:30)

  6. To kindle lights in the Sanctuary (Ex. 27:21)

  7. That the breastplate shall not be loosened from the ephod (Ex. 28:28)

  8. To offer up incense twice daily (Ex. 30:7)

  9. Not to offer strange incense nor any sacrifice upon the golden altar (Ex. 30:9)

  10. That the priest shall wash his hands and feet at the time of service (Ex. 30:19)

  11. To prepare the oil of anointment and anoint high priests and kings with it (Ex. 30:31)

  12. Not to compound oil for lay use after the formula of the anointing oil (Ex. 30:32-33) (CCN145).

  13. Not to anoint a stranger with the anointing oil (Ex. 30:32)

  14. Not to compound anything after the formula of the incense (Ex. 30:37)

  15. That he who, in error, makes unlawful use of sacred things, shall make restitution of the value of his trespass and add a fifth (Lev. 5:16)

  16. To remove the ashes from the altar (Lev. 6:3)

  17. To keep fire always burning on the altar of the burnt-offering (Lev. 6:6)

  18. Not to extinguish the fire on the altar (Lev. 6:6)

  19. That a priest shall not enter the Sanctuary with disheveled hair (Lev. 10:6)

  20. That a priest shall not enter the Sanctuary with torn garments (Lev. 10:6)

  21. That the priest shall not leave the Courtyard of the Sanctuary, during service (Lev. 10:7)

  22. That an intoxicated person shall not enter the Sanctuary nor give decisions in matters of the Law (Lev. 10:9-11)

  23. To revere the Sanctuary (Lev. 19:30)

  24. That when the Ark is carried, it should be carried on the shoulder (Num. 7:9)

  25. To observe the second Passover (Num. 9:11)

  26. To eat the flesh of the Passover lamb on it, with unleavened bread and bitter herbs (Num. 9:11)

  27. Not to leave any flesh of the Passover lamb brought on the second Passover until the morning (Num. 9:12)

  28. Not to break a bone of the Passover lamb brought on the second Passover (Num. 9:12)

  29. To sound the trumpets at the offering of sacrifices and in times of trouble (Num. 10:9-10)

  30. To watch over the edifice continually (Num. 18:2)

  31. Not to allow the Sanctuary to remain unwatched (Num. 18:5)

  32. That an offering shall be brought by one who has in error committed a trespass against sacred things, or robbed, or lain carnally with a bond-maid betrothed to a man, or denied what was deposited with him and swore falsely to support his denial. This is called a guilt-offering for a known trespass

  33. Not to destroy anything of the sanctuary of temples or of houses of study, nor erase the holy names (of G-d); nor may sacred scriptures be destroyed (Deut. 12:2-4)

Sacrifices and Offerings

  1. To sanctify the firstling of clean cattle and offer it up (Ex. 13:2; Deut. 15:19) (at the present time, it is not offered up)

  2. To slay the Passover lamb (Ex. 12:6)

  3. To eat the flesh of the Passover sacrifice on the night of the fifteenth of Nissan (Ex. 12:8)

  4. Not to eat the flesh of the Passover lamb raw or sodden (Ex. 12:9)

  5. Not to leave any portion of the flesh of the Passover sacrifice until the morning unconsumed (Ex. 12:10)

  6. Not to give the flesh of the Passover lamb to an Israelite who had become an apostate (Ex. 12:43)

  7. Not to give flesh of the Passover lamb to a stranger who lives among you to eat (Ex. 12:45)

  8. Not to take any of the flesh of the Passover lamb from the company's place of assembly (Ex. 12:46)

  9. Not to break a bone of the Passover lamb (Ex. 12:46)

  10. That the uncircumcised shall not eat of the flesh of the Passover lamb (Ex. 12:48)

  11. Not to slaughter the Passover lamb while there is leaven in the home (Ex. 23:18; Ex. 24:25)

  12. Not to leave the part of the Passover lamb that should be burnt on the altar until the morning, when it will no longer be fit to be burnt (Ex. 23:18; Ex. 24:25)

  13. Not to go up to the Sanctuary for the festival without bringing an offering (Ex. 23:15)

  14. To bring the first fruits to the Sanctuary (Ex. 23:19)

  15. That the flesh of a sin-offering and guilt-offering shall be eaten (Ex. 29:33)

  16. That one not of the seed of Aaron, shall not eat the flesh of the holy sacrifices (Ex. 29:33)

  17. To observe the procedure of the burnt-offering (Lev. 1:3)

  18. To observe the procedure of the meal-offering (Lev. 2:1)

  19. Not to offer up leaven or honey (Lev. 2:11)

  20. That every sacrifice be salted (Lev. 2:13)

  21. Not to offer up any offering unsalted (Lev. 2:13)

  22. That the Court of Judgment shall offer up a sacrifice if they have erred in a judicial pronouncement (Lev. 4:13)

  23. That an individual shall bring a sin-offering if he has sinned in error by committing a transgression, the conscious violation of which is punished with excision (Lev. 4:27-28)

  24. To offer a sacrifice of varying value in accordance with one's means (Lev. 5:7)

  25. Not to sever completely the head of a fowl brought as a sin-offering (Lev. 5:8)

  26. Not to put olive oil in a sin-offering made of flour (Lev. 5:11)

  27. Not to put frankincense on a sin-offering made of flour (Lev. 5:11)

  28. That an individual shall bring an offering if he is in doubt as to whether he has committed a sin for which one has to bring a sin-offering. This is called a guilt-offering for doubtful sins (Lev. 5:17-19)

  29. That the remainder of the meal offerings shall be eaten (Lev. 6:9)

  30. Not to allow the remainder of the meal offerings to become leavened (Lev. 6:10)

  31. That the High priest shall offer a meal offering daily (Lev. 6:13)

  32. Not to eat of the meal offering brought by the priests (Lev. 6:16)

  33. To observe the procedure of the sin-offering (Lev. 6:18)

  34. Not to eat of the flesh of sin offerings, the blood of which is brought within the Sanctuary and sprinkled towards the Veil (Lev. 6:23)

  35. To observe the procedure of the guilt-offering (Lev. 7:1)

  36. To observe the procedure of the peace-offering (Lev. 7:11)

  37. To burn meat of the holy sacrifice that has remained over (Lev. 7:17)

  38. Not to eat of sacrifices that are eaten beyond the appointed time for eating them (Lev. 7:18) The penalty is excision

  39. Not to eat of holy things that have become unclean (Lev. 7:19)

  40. To burn meat of the holy sacrifice that has become unclean (Lev. 7:19)

  41. That a person who is unclean shall not eat of things that are holy (Lev. 7:20)

  42. A priest's daughter who profaned herself shall not eat of the holy things, neither of the heave offering nor of the breast, nor of the shoulder of peace offerings (Lev. 10:14, Lev. 22:12)

  43. That a woman after childbirth shall bring an offering when she is clean (Lev. 12:6)

  44. That the leper shall bring a sacrifice after he is cleansed (Lev. 14:10)

  45. That a man having an issue shall bring a sacrifice after he is cleansed of his issue (Lev. 15:13-15)

  46. That a woman having an issue shall bring a sacrifice after she is cleansed of her issue (Lev. 15:28-30)

  47. To observe, on Day of Atonement , the service appointed for that day, regarding the sacrifice, confessions, sending away of the scapegoat, etc. (Lev. 16:3-34)

  48. Not to slaughter beasts set apart for sacrifices outside (the Sanctuary) (Lev. 17:3-4)

  49. Not to eat flesh of a sacrifice that has been left over (beyond the time appointed for its consumption) (Lev. 19:8 )

  50. Not to sanctify blemished cattle for sacrifice on the altar (Lev. 22:20) This text prohibits such beasts being set apart for sacrifice on the altar

  51. That every animal offered up shall be without blemish (Lev. 22:21)

  52. Not to inflict a blemish on cattle set apart for sacrifice (Lev. 22:21)

  53. Not to slaughter blemished cattle as sacrifices (Lev. 22:22)

  54. Not to burn the limbs of blemished cattle upon the altar (Lev. 22:22)

  55. Not to sprinkle the blood of blemished cattle upon the altar (Lev. 22:24)

  56. Not to offer up a blemished beast that comes from non-Israelites (Lev. 22:25)

  57. That sacrifices of cattle can only take place when they are at least eight days old (Lev. 22:27)

  58. Not to leave any flesh of the thanksgiving offering until the morning (Lev. 22:30)